Frank Money here – the one you wanna know, to understand your dough!
Dollar cost averaging is an investment technique where you regularly buy a fixed dollar amount of a particular investment, on a regular schedule, regardless of its price.
Dollar cost averaging can be employed in purchasing just about any investment, though it is commonly used in purchasing stocks and mutual funds. It is also called Constant Dollar Plan.
We all know that the stock market goes up, and the stock market goes down. When to ‘jump in’ can be a difficult guess. A lot of people lose sleep over crazy market gyrations. This is why dollar cost averaging makes sense.
Let’s say you make regular monthly payments into your retirement plan. Or make monthly payments to yourself, in the form of savings. If you are investing in mutual funds for example, purchasing that fund at a monthly interval is cost averaging. Regardless of what the stock market is doing, you will buy more shares if the market is low and less shares if the market is high. Over time, you are buying an average, and this helps smooth out the fluctuations of the market.
For example, say if you make a $100 per month investment in a mutual fund. In January, the share price was $25, so you were able to buy 4 shares. In February, the share price was $33, so you were able to buy 3 shares. Then in March, the share price was $20, allowing you to buy 5 shares. Over the three months, you purchased a total of 12 shares for an average price of $25 each.
There is an old adage, that you can never time the stock market – in other words, the hope that you buy when market is low and sell when the market is high. Dollar cost averaging is a great strategy that helps your investment grow without having to worry about market timing.
April is National Financial Literacy Month, Detective Frank Money’s favorite month! To celebrate the importance of being financially literate, Detective Money is going to post financial literacy tips every day.